Top 10 most advanced fighter aircraft in 1920
Capable airmen are a great supplement to any nation’s army, as buzzing of their colourful machines provides great comfort for every footman and cavalryman. Amongst all engineering marvels that a military man pilots, fighters are some of the most remarkable. In action, they disallow the enemy to drop bombs from above and greatly encumber every form of reconnaissance, thus becoming an indispensable part of aeronautical warfare.
Currently, fighter aircraft are the fastest aeroplanes, with the most powerful engines, the sturdiest constructions and employed by the most daring devils that a nation’s army can supply. Many of them are created by adding machine guns to a race aircraft, others endure extensive testing in air races before being supplied to armies, so the best performance can be ensured.
As such, their defining features are great speed, allowing for pursuit and harassment of enemy airships; their great mobility, allowing for break-neck manoeuvres such as wicked turns or even flying belly-up; and their employment of machine guns for performing devastating attacks upon enemy with continuous fire. Therefore, the most important aspects of a fighter are power and rapidity of its engine, the rate with which a fighter can climb, and aerodynamic capabilities of its airframe, along with ease with which a pilot can fly and perform his manoeuvres.
With this arsenal of features in mind, let’s count down the ten most advanced fighters in 1920!
Honourable mention: Zeppelin-Lindau D.I
This fighter aeroplane was designed by German engineer Claude Dornier of Zeppelin factory at the very end of the Great War. Utilizing innovative monocoque construction – meaning the entire aircraft’s structure is supported by its metal shell – the D.I is one of the lightest aeroplanes on this list. Its pioneering construction was greatly appreciated by engineers of the Americas, who, reportedly, are interested in acquiring unfinished prototypes from the factory. Undoubtedly, they will study them and procure similar machines of their own.
The greatest testament to the future of this construction method is that although powered by a Bavarian-made engine of only 185 horsepower, D.I can reach an impressive speed of 200 kilometres per hour at the sea level and can climb to the altitude of 5,000 meters in only 13 minutes.
10. Bristol Badger
A replacement of war-time British Bristol F.2 reconnaissance aircraft, this aeroplane can not only help to spot enemies on the ground, but defend itself from aerial adversaries too. One of the few two-seated fighters on this list, Badger is no less agile than any single-seat competitor. Its main feature is nine-cylinder Cosmos Jupiter – the most powerful aircraft engine in the world, delivering 400 horsepower and tested on at least one prototype by the Royal Air Force. It was reported that the airframe proved difficult to control, leading to some unfortunate crashes, but the damaged airplanes were swiftly repaired and subjected to further flights. There is no doubt that all issues will be resolved with the help of the newest method, called wind tunnel testing, whereas a scale model of an aircraft is tested within a tube with an airflow through it, allowing for extensive inspections without putting pilots in any danger.
9. Martinsyde F.4 Buzzard
The most powerful British aircraft of the Great War, the Buzzard became a darling of many a foreign nation fighting their own wars elsewhere in the world. Powered by Spanish-made 300-horsepower engine, this aeroplane can climb to the altitude of 3,000 meters in less than 8 minutes, and reach death-defying 235 kilometers per hour at the sea level. With both single-seated and twin-seated, land-based and sea-based variants produced, the Buzzard is incredibly versatile too, allowing every army to adapt the model to their own needs.
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