Baku Heydar Aliyev International Airport  of Azerbaijan (GYD) reported that it served 3.26 million passengers in 2016, which is a record in Azerbaijan's civil aviation history. The airport said that 83.5% of passenger traffic accounted for international transportation.

In 2016, 28 passenger airlines, including national carrier Azerbaijan Airlines (AZAL) carried out flights to the capital of Azerbaijan. 51.3% of the passengers traveling abroad accounted for AZAL. The top five popular foreign airlines included Turkish Airlines, Aeroflot, S7 Airlines, FlyDubai and Qatar Airways.

Istanbul, Moscow, Dubai and Kiev topped the list of the most popular international destinations in 2016, and passenger traffic to these cities hit 1.37 million passengers.

The board meeting of Azerbaijan Airlines (AZAL) has concluded the establishment of the national low-cost carrier (LCC). The new airline, named Buta Airways, will be part of the Azerbaijan Airlines and will be a 100% owned subsidiary company of AZAL. The new airline will be based at Heydar Aliyev International Airport.

In 2016 Iraqi Airways, Fly Baghdad, ATA Airlines, Air Cairo, Komaviatrans and Russian low-cost airline Pobeda began operating flights to the airport which is located in Baku.

Baku Heydar Aliyev International Airport is one of six international airports in Azerbaijan. The new airport terminal (Terminal 1) was put into operation in April 2014 with total area of 65,000 square meters.