Airbus’ expensive A380 problem
For Airbus, the A380 was supposed to become the flagship aircraft of the 21 century. At the start of the 2000s, the announced double-decker was supposed to take over the Boeing 747 on the royalty throne, becoming the icon of aviation throughout the next decades. Instead, it became a problem for the manufacturer.
And an expensive one, at that.
Every aviation geek will remember February 14, 2019, as a very bittersweet Valentine’s Day. As Emirates shrank its order book, Airbus had no other choice but to announce the cancellation of the production of the A380. After all, its only remaining customers at the time were All Nippon Airways (ANA) from Japan and Emirates. ANA’s backlog was small, however, as the Japanese airline ordered three of the Super Jumbos to fly between Japan and Hawaii, a very popular tourist destination for Japanese nationals.
The only customer left was the pride and joy of Dubai, Emirates. On February 14, 2019, the airline reduced its order book by 39 aircraft, leaving Airbus without any choice but to announce the cancelation of production of the A380. The last delivery is scheduled in 2021 for the aforementioned Emirates. Boeing, meanwhile, confirmed that the Boeing 747 will outlast its European Jumbo competitor, as the last Queen will roll out from the Everett plant in 2022.
Ever since the manufacturer was forced to cancel the production of the Airbus A380, the aircraft became a headache for the planemaker, including a financial one. In the same quarter, during which the double-decker was canceled, the company booked a $71.6 million (€61 million) production cost charge, and in Q2 2019, a further $88 million (€75 million). The charge was a part of “Airbus’ continuous assessment of assets recoverability and the quarterly review of onerous contract provision assumptions,” reads the press release.
Throughout 2019 and 2020 the manufacturer booked $627.5 million in charges related to the A380 program. The last time Airbus published its list prices in 2018, the A380 cost $445.6 million. Even then, the price is only indicative – airlines negotiate discounts and concessions when making orders, especially big ones. The last Emirates order that Airbus booked was for 36 aircraft (20 firm, 16 options). At list prices, the acquisition was set at $16 billion.
An unprofitable venture
While 2019 was a good year for Airbus in terms of its financial performance, except the fact it had to take a $3.8 billion (€3.5 billion) corruption charge, 2020 is a much different story. The industry is bleeding cash from the top to the bottom, including the manufacturers.
The Toulouse, France-based manufacturer finished H1 2020 with a net loss of $2.2 billion. The A380 program forced Airbus to write off $390 million in the first six months of 2020 alone.
Yet the pain of the program is not over. Out of the 14 operators, many of them have either shrank their double-decker fleets or retired them permanently. Lufthansa reduced its A380 fleet by six out of its 14 Super Jumbo aircraft, while Air France phased all of them out permanently. Qatar Airways and Qantas put their A380s to long-term storage, while its largest operator, Emirates, only recently began flying them once again.
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